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ARTHRITIS: What are the Causes of Arthritis?


 Causes of Arthritis

There are different forms of arthritis and the causes are not all the same. The cause or causes vary based on the type of arthritis.

 Possible causes of arthritis may include:

·       Wear and tear of a joint: This happens due to joint overuse

·       Injury: It leads to degenerative arthritis

·       Abnormal  metabolism: It results in gout and pseudogout

·       Inheritance or family story: This can lead to osteoarthritis

·       Autoimmune disorders: It can result in RA and SLE

·       Muscle weakness:  This results in Osteoarthritis

·       Infections: They can cause arthritis of the Lyme disease

Most forms of arthritis are caused by a combination of factors! However, some don’t have any obvious cause and appear unpredictable in their growth.

Nutrition or good dieting can contribute to the management of arthritis and its risk, though specific foods, food sensitivities or intolerances are not a known cause of arthritis.

Inflammation-increasing foods, especially animal-derived foods and refined-sugar diets, can worsen the symptoms, just like eating foods that provoke a response from the immune system.

Gout is a type of arthritis with close links to diet since it is caused by an increase in uric acid levels that can be provoked by a purine-packed diet.

Diets with high purine foods such as red wine, seafood, and meats, can provoke a gout flare-up. Contrarily, vegetables and other plant foods with high levels of purines don’t appear to trigger gout symptoms.

Risk factors for arthritis

Arthritis has certain risk factors it associates with. There are modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors.

Modifiable arthritis risk factors:

Overweight and obesity: Putting on excess weight can play a role in both the start and progression of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Joint injuries: Joint damage can cause osteoarthritis to develop in that joint.

Infections: Different types of microbial agents can infect joints and result in several forms of arthritis.

Occupation: Being involved in occupations that involve repetitive bending of the knees and squatting adds to the risk of osteoarthritis of the knee.

Non-modifiable arthritis risk factors include:

Age: Age comes with an increase in the risk of developing most types of arthritis. This is particularly common in people over the age of 50.

Gender: Females are more susceptible to most forms of arthritis than males. Females occupy 60 percent of all people with arthritis. However, when it comes to gout, in particular, more males have it than females.

Genetic factors: Certain genes are more susceptible to a higher risk of specific types of arthritis, for example, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ankylosing spondylitis.


Over half of adults living with arthritis in the U.S. report being diagnosed with high blood pressure( HBP). Hypertension or HBP is associated with heart disease, a condition most common with adults that have arthritis.

Smoking is linked to chronic respiratory conditions, and it’s the second most common comorbidity affecting adults with arthritis.

If you even suspect symptoms of arthritis in your body or that of your loved one, schedule an appointment with a rheumatologist first. That’s how to ensure a timely diagnosis and treatment. Your doctor will document inflammation levels in your blood and analyse joint fluids. This can help determine the type of arthritis you have.

Please go to the next article to learn about symptoms of arthritis and how to treat them before they become chronic.

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