Between 10 and 15 percent known pregnancies end in miscarriage. Women who have tolerated the heartbreak often experience an unpleasant, overwhelming sense of guilt. Did you have a miscarriage because of the cocktail you had before you realized you were expecting? Was it the raw-milk cheese you ate mistakenly, or the stress you have been feeling about your new job?
How to prevent Happen?
Here are some recommendations on how to avoid miscarriage throughout pregnancy.
Prepare for Potential Pregnancy
“Up to half of pregnancies are unplanned, which means women are often not best prepared for pregnancy when it occurs,” says Stephanie Zobel, M.D., an OB-GYN with Winnie Palmer Hospital. “Most women do not realize that they are pregnant until a couple weeks after their missed period. By that time, the fetal spinal cord has already been formed and the heart is beating.
Preparing for pregnancy by modifying diet and exercise, limiting stress, optimizing chronic medical disorders, and beginning prenatal vitamins is ideal for all pregnancies.
Exercise in Moderation
You should continue your usual exercise routine once you’re pregnant, though now’s not the time to start training for your first marathon. The key is moderation: Some research indicates that seven hours or more of high-impact exercise per week while pregnant could greatly increase your risk of miscarriage. Contact sports are also off the table for now, as they could lead to an injury or fall, which could harm the pregnancy.
Schedule a Preconception Visit
If you’re not already pregnant, schedule a preconception visit with your gynecologist. They’ll review your medical history, ask about your lifestyle, and perform an annual exam (if you’re due for one). They’ll also take blood samples to check for blood type, Rh factor, and varicella (chicken pox) and rubella immunity. If you haven’t been vaccinated against these infectious diseases, now’s the time to get your shots.
Eat a Well-Balanced Diet
You may already be taking a prenatal vitamin, but don’t think of it as a magic bullet. A well-balanced, healthy diet is the best way to get the vitamins and nutrients your body needs to nourish your baby. Plus, studies have found that loading up on a variety of fresh fruits and veggies every day can significantly lower your odds of having a miscarriage.
Some doctors suggest moms-to-be restrict their caffeine intake to no more than 200 milligrams a day, or roughly two 6-ounce cups of coffee, tea, or other caffeinated beverages. But to be on the safe side, ask your doctor what they recommend.
Preventing Miscarriage: The Bottom Line
While these strategies might help avoid miscarriage, they can’t minimize the risk due to chromosomal abnormalities. Sometimes a pregnancy simply isn’t viable, and there’s nothing the parents-to-be can do to prevent miscarriage. Always talk to your doctor if you’re concerned about pregnancy loss.