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Infertility Tests for Women: Things You Should Know

 There is no single best test for infertility in women as they are several testing methods doctors use to identify any problems that might contribute to fertility problems.

You can get a Pap smear that helps detect abnormal cells around your cervix. Such a test can detect cervical cancer , other cervix issues, or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Any of these issues can be the reason you are having conception issues.

To get pregnant, a woman needs to release an egg each month in what is called ovulation. You may need to do tests confirming that.

Your doctor may tell you to take a home urine test for luteinizing hormone (LH). This hormone comes in high levels just before a woman ovulates.

Your doctor can also conduct test on your blood for levels of the hormone progesterone. Increased progesterone implies that you are ovulating.

You can also check your body temperature every morning. By checking it each morning, you will learn your pattern of ovulation in the course of several months.

Also, your doctor may do thyroid tests on you or check for other hormonal problems, to be sure whether you have or don’t have conditions that might lead to irregular or missed ovulation.

Tests of Reproductive Organs

You can only get pregnant if your uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries are all functioning well.

To check the health of all these organs, your doctor may suggest different procedures such as:

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

This procedure is also called a “tubogram,” It is a series of X-rays of your uterus and fallopian tubes. Your doctor takes the X-rays after he injects liquid dye through your vagina. Another method involves using saline and air rather than dye and an ultrasound.

This test helps you if your fallopian tubes are blocked or if your uterus has any issues.

Transvaginal ultrasound

It involves placing an ultrasound “wand” into the vagina while bringing it close to the pelvic organs. With the use of sound waves, they see images of the ovaries and uterus and check for defects there.


A doctor places a thin, flexible tube carrying a camera on the end through your cervix and into the uterus. This camera can capture issues in there for medical analysis.


This fertility test method involves your doctor making small cuts in your belly and inserting tools, including a camera. With this surgery, your entire pelvis can be checked and problems potentially corrected. They include endometriosis, a disease that infects your pelvic organs.

Postcoital testing

Your doctor checks your cervical mucus just after you have had sex.

Endometrial biopsy

This procedure involves taking a tissue sample from the lining of your uterus. However, there is an argument that the method doesn’t predict infertility.

Note that you may not need to do all these tests. Your doctor is there to advise you on the test that can work for you.


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