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What is Gastric (Gastritis)? Types, Causes and Symptoms


What is Gastric (Gastritis)? Types, Causes and Symptoms

There is a protective lining of mucus called the mucosa that protects your stomach from injury caused by the strong acid that digests food. When this protective lining gets weakened or damaged by anything, the mucosa becomes inflamed, causing gastritis or gastric pains. The Helicobacter pylori bacteria is the most common cause of gastritis.

What’s the difference between indigestion and gastritis?

Symptoms of gastritis can mimic symptoms of indigestion. Indigestion (dyspepsia) refers to the pain or discomfort that occurs in the stomach due to food digestion difficulty. Gastritis is when the strong acid that digests food hurts the stomach lining.

How common is gastritis?

Acute also called sudden gastritis affects up to 8 out of every 1,000 people worldwide. Chronic (long-term) gastritis is less common. It affects about 2 out of 10,000 people.

What are the types of gastric?

There are two main types of gastritis:

Erosive (reactive): This type of gastritis causes inflammation and erosion or wearing away of the stomach lining. Erosive gastric is also called reactive gastritis. Some of its causes include alcohol, smoking, corticosteroids, NSAIDs, viral or bacterial infections and illnesses or injury-related stress.


Non-erosive: This means inflammation of the stomach lining with no erosion or compromising the stomach lining.

What Causes Gastric?

Gastritis is caused by irritation because of excessive alcohol use, chronic vomiting, stress, or some medications, for example, aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs. Gastric may also be caused by one of these:

  • Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori): This is a bacteria ends up living in the mucous lining of the stomach. If left untreated, its infection can result in ulcers or stomach cancer in certain people.
  • Bile reflux: It is a backflow of bile from the bile tract to the stomach. This tract connects to the liver and gallbladder.
  • Infections caused by either bacteria or viruses

Gastritis that is not treated can cause a severe loss of blood and might raise your risk of developing stomach cancer.

What Are the Symptoms of Gastric?          

The symptoms of gastritis differ per patient and many people don’t even have symptoms. However, here are some of the most common symptoms:

  • Abdominal bloating
  • Nausea or recurrent upset stomach
  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Vomiting
  • Burning or gnawing feeling in your stomach between meals or at night
  • Loss of appetite
  • Hiccups
  • Black, tarry stools
  • Vomiting blood or material like coffee ground

If left untreated, gastritis might cause stomach ulcers and stomach bleeding. In rare cases, some forms of chronic gastritis can raise your risk of stomach cancer, particularly if you are suffering from extensive thinning of the stomach lining as well as changes in the lining’s cells.

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