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What is the Meaning of Blood Pressure Numbers?


Blood pressure refers to the force circulating blood exerts on the walls of your blood vessels. It creates one of the crucially important signs of life which include your heart rate, breathing and temperature. Blood pressure comes from the heart pumping blood into the arteries. It is modified by how the arteries response to the flow of blood.

How blood pressure is expressed

BP is expressed as systolic and diastolic blood pressure, for instance, 120/80.

The systolic blood pressure is that top number and it stands for the pressure in the arteries which occurs as the heart’s muscle contracts, pumping blood into them.

The diastolic blood pressure is that bottom number. It stands for the pressure in the arteries which occurs as the heart’s muscle relaxes following its contraction.

It is when the heart is pumping (squeezing) that blood pressure is higher and not when it is relaxing.

For most adults, the range of systolic blood pressure falls between 90 and 120 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). When it comes to normal diastolic blood pressure, the range is between 60 and 80 mm Hg. According to current guidelines, normal blood pressure range is defined as lower than 120/80. People whose blood pressure has reached over 130/80 are considered to have high blood pressure.

The risk of having hypertension

The risk of having high blood pressure is that its risk of damaging the arteries increases, leading to the following chronic conditions:

Hardening of the arteries (arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis  )

Heart disease

Kidney disease

Eye damage


What is low blood pressure?

Low blood pressure also called hypotension is when pressure goes so low it causes symptoms because it involves low flow of blood via the arteries and veins. When there is low blood flow to the point where it cannot deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to important organs of the body such as the brain, kidney and heart, the organs are malfunctioning. It that case, they may either get damaged temporarily or permanently.

As opposed to high blood pressure, low blood pressure is based known primarily on symptoms and signs of low flow of blood and not by any specific blood pressure number. Certain individuals routinely can have blood pressure numbers of about 90/50 and without symptoms and thus don’t have low blood pressure. But some people who normally have higher blood pressure may develop signs of low blood pressure once their blood pressure goes down to 100/60.

Blood Pressure during Pregnancy

Are you wondering what happens to blood pressure during pregnancy?  Blood pressure tends to drop. The range of normal blood pressure during pregnancy may be below 100/60. If you are pregnant, let your midwife monitor your blood pressure.

Have you measured your blood pressure and it is high? If yes, check out our natural treatment for high blood pressure.


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